Have you ever had that embarrassing moment when you walk into a beauty store to buy the perfect product and you are told you’ve been doing it all wrong? If so, you are not the first to be in this position. It takes time to know you skin and there are many factors which can contribute to its changes as we age. Your skin type depends on many reasons such as, how much water is in your skin, how oily it is and also how sensitive it is.There are many factors which can impact our skin type such as your diet, climate, environment and stress levels.

When purchasing skincare it is crucial to identify your skin type. Understanding the ways to properly care and treat it will help you achieve, healthy radiant looking skin. 

Lets begin with the five basic skin types!

1. Normal Skin

Normal skin is overall well-balanced - not too dry or too oily. Those with normal skin are not typically prone to breakouts or flakiness and tend to have a balanced t-zone. Typically, normal skin displays no or few imperfections, no severe sensitivity, barely visible pores and have a glowing complexion.

Luckily, skin concerns for normal skin types are generally minimal, so routines may be simpler. To help maintain balanced and healthy-looking skin, it is still essential to prep your skin with a gentle cleanser, hydrate skin with a daily moisturiser, and protect skin with sunscreen during the day and replenish with a night-time facial oil at night.

2. Combination Skin

Combination skin has areas that are both dry and oily. For example, skin is typically shiny on the forehead, nose and chin, while appearing dry or normal on the cheeks. Combination skin can have pores that look larger than normal because they are more open, blackheads and shiny skin.

Combination skin can be a little more challenging to care for since it is made up of multiple skin types. The simplest way to care for combination skin is to look for products formulated for all skin types. Typically, formulas for all skin types help balance skin without over-drying or causing excess oil. Keeping your skin balanced is key for those with combination skin!

3. Dry Skin

Dry skin is generally rough, scaly, flaky, itchy or irritated. You may have almost invisible pores, dull, rough complexion, red patches, along with your skin appearing less elastic with more visible lines. Dry skin produces less sebum than normal or oily skin. As a result of the lack of sebum, dry skin lacks the lipids that it needs to retain moisture and build a protective shield against external influences.

Dry skin exists in varying degrees of severity and in different forms that are not always clearly distinguishable. The more moisture the skin holds, the healthier the skin’s appearance is. Without sufficient moisture, skin can be vulnerable to a weakened skin barrier. Those with dry skin should look for formulas that hydrate, nurture, and moisturise, and are preferably free from alcohol, fragrances, dyes, or chemicals.

4. Oily Skin

Oily skin refers to skin that has excess oil, most commonly throughout the t-zone of the face (forehead, nose, and chin). Oily skin tends to look shiny, feel greasy, and is often prone to breakouts. You may experience enlarged pores, dull or shiny complexion, blackheads, pimples or other blemishes.

Oily skin occurs when the skin barrier produces an excess of sebum, which can lead to clogged pores and blemishes. Those with oily skin should look for products that help balance excess oil and are non-comedogenic. We recommend exfoliating 2-3 times a week to help remove dead skin cells from skin’s surface and washing your face twice a day. Use a gentle face wash, as using a daily face wash that is too harsh can irritate your skin and can even increase oil production.

5. Sensitive Skin

Sensitive skin varies widely from person to person but is often characterised by visible redness and dryness. However, sensitive skin may not always show visible signs and may simply have feelings of discomfort.

Visible signs of redness and the feel of tight and uncomfortable skin are indicators of a weakened and compromised skin barrier. We suggest getting back to basics and turning towards natural and organic products and try to steer away from those know irritants such as dyes and fragrances. Choose gentle formulas that can help strengthen the skin barrier and look for treatments that are formulated to help treat visible redness and skin discomfort. It is always advisable to patch test products on sensitive skin prior to use to determine individual skin tolerance.

Remember each skin type has a specific set of characteristics that require individualised attention. Identifying your skin type is the first step to creating the perfect skincare regimen for you!

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